Slow Radio Broadcast

Brady Marks is a digital media artist whose fascination with sound and concern for our relationship with technology has led her to explore media art and generative soundscape composition. As a graduate of the Interactive Arts program at Simon Fraser University, she was exposed to the World Soundscape Project, Acoustic Ecology and a communication-based framework for sound art. In 2005, she joined the Soundscape Collective at Vancouver Co-operative Radio. In the summer of 2014, Marks developed her interest in slow media embarking on a slow TV-style internet broadcast in collaboration with fellow artist Danielle Gotell.

In 2013, multidisciplinary artist Mark Timmings began to focus his attention on the wetland beside his home on Saturna Island, British Columbia. The initial impetus for the Wetland Project was to heighten his awareness of this environment. It occurred to him that the marsh was a metaphor for the primordial soup constituting the origins of life. He made connections between the activities and vocalizations of the wetland creatures and of his own.

In 2015, Brady Marks and Mark Timmings joined forces to collaborate on the Wetland Project. They realized that the rich soundscape emanating from the marsh is the original form of “background listening.” Soundscapes have the power to “key” our daily routine. Radio, television and internet streams now “bracket the day” with segmented media cycles. They have replaced the natural acoustic environments that once connected us to nature. At a time of growing environmental degradation and estrangement from nature, Marks and Timmings determined that the experience of listening to the wetland soundscape needed to be shared, now more than ever, in the form of an intervention upon the mass medias of radio and internet.

Commenting on the Wetland Project, environmental activist David Suzuki reminds us that, “In cities, we are increasingly isolated from the natural world on which we, as animals, remain utterly dependent for our health and wellbeing. Listening to nature is a necessary part of acknowledging the world around us.”

In Earth Week 2016, recording engineer Eric Lamontagne travelled to Saturna Island to help Marks and Timmings capture the sounds of the wetland. Equipment to make a field recording was set up on a fallen tree at the centre of the marsh. They collected thirty-two continuous hours of data. A twenty-four-hour segment of the recording was selected and processed into a sound loop for broadcast.

Top image: From left to right, Eric Lamontagne, Mark Timmings and Brady Marks make a twenty-four-hour, five-channel field recording of the Saturna Island wetland, April 25–27, 2016. Bottom image: Equipment to make the recording was set up on a fallen tree at the centre of the marsh.

The Wetland broadcast premiered on Earth Day 2017 when Vancouver Co-operative Radio dedicated twenty-seven continuous hours of airtime to the soundscape of the Saturna Island marsh recorded in the previous year. It became the longest continuous radio transmission in Canadian history. Co-op Radio listeners embraced the ambient format which layered their experience of time with the circadian rhythm of the wetland wilderness. The broadcast went global for over a thousand more online listeners. The soundscape was superimposed on vernacular spaces—city buses, hair salons and pubs. Listener feedback was unanimous, positive and enthusiastic.

Brady Marks hosts the marathon Wetland broadcast from the studios of Vancouver Co-operative Radio, April 22–23, 2017. Every half-hour, her discreet program notes and station identification informed listeners about what they were listening to without distracting them from the experience of the soundscape.

Stream the twenty-four-hour soundscape online, in sync with your local time

The Wetland broadcast commemorates the 50-year anniversary of the founding of the World Soundscape Project (WSP) by Canadian writer and composer R. Murray Schafer at Simon Fraser University. With Schafer, WSP members Howard Broomfield, Bruce Davis, Peter Huse, Barry Truax and Hildegard Westerkamp initiated the discipline of Acoustic Ecology by studying, through active listening, the relationship between humans and their environment. In the words of composer, radio artist and sound ecologist Hildegard Westerkamp, “learning how to listen and what kind of listener we are in the world … is an environmental question.” She asks us, “How deeply are we engaged with the world through our ears?”

In his 1975 article “FM Radio as Observational Access to Wilderness Environments,” composer, researcher and WSP associate Bruce Davis proposed “wilderness radio” that would broadcast sounds from a remote natural environment to the city. This project would have impacted our relationship to Nature and our conceptualization of radio.

For years man has been pumping his affairs out across the wilderness environment. For once the natural soundscape would be allowed, in its wisdom, to speak back to us.

— R. Murray Schafer, from Radical Radio (1987)
Bruce Davis recording the sounds of a pond at Westminster Abbey, Mission, British Columbia, on the summer solstice, June 24, 1974. Photo courtesy of the World Soundscape Project, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver

Four decades after it was first proposed, Brady Marks and Mark Timmings are realizing Bruce Davis’s vision. In sharp contrast to the distractive experience of mainstream commercial radio, the Wetland broadcast transforms listeners’ interaction into one of acute perception. It is, to quote Davis, “a radio service which ‘listens in’ rather than ‘broadcasts out.’” Since most natural life forms operate on a twenty-four-hour cycle, or circadian rhythm, the real time aspect of slow radio allows the listener to be engaged in the full spectrum of the soundscape as it occurs. Apperceptions of time are also transformed, from measured time—the tick-tock of clocks—to a lived, fluid time, a “becoming” of time. An incessant enfolding of time upon itself emerges, time upon time upon time, ad infinitum, without interveners that abstract or represent the experience. It is not the measure of time but the “in-between” in time that matters. One could say that, in the Wetland broadcast, clocks are relinquished altogether, that they are replaced by a richer experience of duration. The broadcast slips into a realm of innate knowledge of the shared biological time between the wild marsh beings and ourselves.

The broadcast has the potential to expose interconnections between the creatures in the wetland and people in their homes, vehicles and workplaces as they go about their everyday activities. It operates as an art-intervention upon the medium of radio that promotes environmental awareness, self-reflexivity and activism. Questions arise: When does sound become noise? When does noise become music? How do airplanes and human activities resonate with the natural soundscape? How do I fit into the sonic environment and how does it affect my daily activities? How can I affect change? While tuning into the Wetland broadcast, listeners’ daily routines are re-enchanted by the rich, holistic, unpredictable sounds issuing from the radio.

The Wetland Project is a beautiful, quietly amazing work of micro-post-geographical art that allows us to be wherever we are and somewhere wonderfully natural and real, simultaneously. It’s an experience I wish everyone could have, and I wish there were more experiences like it.

— William Gibson

Listening to the Wetland broadcast is to embark on three layers of experience: “percept,” “affect” and “concept” which strictly correspond to “sensorium,” “body,” and “mind.” In the first instance, the preconscious “percept” engages the subject viscerally; this is followed spontaneously by an “affective” state imprinted on the body; “concepts” are then distilled by the mind. This process is instantaneous. Following this model, applied to the experience of the marsh soundscape, “percepts” transmit via the senses the complexity of wetland life. Here, the “affects” range from relaxation, enchantment and wonder to extremes of fear and astonishment. The sublime power of nature disarms. Immediately, cognition is engaged and “concepts” grip the mind: Bird! Frog! Airplane! Water! Wind!

In this way, art has an inherent potential to emit complex life forces; it has “perceptual,” “affective,” and “conceptual” layers which, in the aesthetic experience of the broadcast, interact with each other intensely. Additionally, two different auditory streams are heard at once: the sounds of the wetland delivered through the radio speakers and the sounds originating in the listener’s immediate physical environment. The result is a concurrently overlapping bipartite soundscape integrated into a single sustained listening experience—a work of art. Radio speakers deliver an augmented reality and become virtual windows opening onto the wetland soundscape. This transformation—from speaker to window—and the primordial, emotional and cultural forces it summons, also shape the piece as art. Following philosopher Martin Heidegger: “the work of art holds open the Open of the world.”

    Notes
  1. Barry Truax distinguishes between Background Listening, Listening-in-Readiness, Attentive Listening and Distracted Listening in Acoustic Communication, Second Edition (Westport, CT, USA: Ablex Publishing, 2001), 24.
  2. Credit is due to Laura U. Marks for the inspiring title of her book Enfoldment and Infinity: An Islamic Genealogy of New Media Art (Cambridge, MA, USA/London: MIT Press, 2010).
  3. The concepts of “becoming” and the “in-between” are from Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, Capitalism and Schizophrenia. A Thousand Plateaus, Brian Massumi, trans. (Minneapolis/London: University of Minnesota Press, 1987), 232–309.
  4. Here, scholar Laura U. Marks reworks concepts by philosophers Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari by applying them from philosophy to the aesthetic experience.
  5. Martin Heidegger, “The Origin of the Work of Art,” in Poetry, Language and Thought, trans. Albert Hofstader (New York: Harper & Row, 1971), 45.

Listener Feedback

Been listening off and on all day long! … so simple and so profound, to listen to the earth noises on Earth Day! What strikes me is how much ENERGY is coming out of all these birds, singing their hearts for hours and hours. Really makes me respect and love them … if that makes sense. Thank you so much. Looking forward to hearing the night chorus of the tree frogs … its outside my door too because we have a small marsh next to my house!

— Leigh Field, Saturna Island, BC

… tuned into non-stop wetland on Co-op radio. I can’t tell inside from outside. Very peaceful.

— Ellen McGinn (poet), Vancouver, BC

This is awesome! …

Remarkably, I can feel my stomach relax in the same way it does when I’m actually out in nature (I’m not, I’m at home near a busy Skytrain line). And, it almost feels like some kind of intervention when I turn on a device (the radio) that I somewhat unconsciously seek to keep my mind distracted and it refuses to comply by providing me with … slowness.

Thanks for bringing something so special to the airwaves!

— Leela Chinniah (Director of Programming Administration, Vancouver Co-operative Radio), Vancouver, BC

What a gorgeous dawn chorus to wake up to! Congratulations on an amazing project, and I appreciate the reference back to the WSP and Bruce’s Wilderness Radio concept.

— Barry Truax (composer/World Soundscape Project member), Vancouver, BC

The Saturna Island Wetland Project created by Mark Timmings [and] Brady Marks … went live on their website recently (wetlandproject.com) and it’s become my favourite ‘radio station.’ It brings to reality a proposal that Bruce Davis of the World Soundscape Project published in the journal Alternatives back in 1975 called “FM Radio as Observational Access to Wilderness Environments.” … The idea was deceptively simple: to ‘listen in’ to a wilderness soundscape, instead of ‘broadcasting out’ into it.

— Barry Truax (composer/World Soundscape Project member), Vancouver, BC

… had the Wetland Project on all day yesterday and when our dinner guests arrived we kept it on throughout the evening. Everyone loved being immersed in that gorgeous bird- and frog-cacophony of sounds. Somehow the world seemed like a better place. Thanks!

— Karen Love (Director of Development, Vancouver Art Gallery), Vancouver, BC

I enjoyed the broadcast and website all day from 7 am to 10:30 pm … Thank you for your work to bring this to completion. It’s amazing how it feels like yesterday we were out there in the forest hauling my mic arrays, cart, and batteries.

Brady, is it true that this was the longest continuous broadcast of a recording? What authorities do we alert to get into Canada’s record books? You had the most perfect level and tone balance for your 30-minute announcements, they never brought me out of the experience and were always a welcome injection. I was often surprised that another 30 minutes were up. Awesome.

Mark, I think the website implementation was perfect. Gabrielle’s visualization was a nifty background for those running tweets. It’s fun to hear about different people’s reactions from around the world, I know that it was played in Mexico and Italy by friends of mine. I especially love that it’s a continuing live stream. How will you keep it in sync with the time changes. ... how long will you keep it live? 

Thanks for inviting me to be part of something special and unique.

— Eric Lamontagne (sound recording engineer for the Wetland Project), Victoria, BC

This is such a great idea ... I am stuck inside all day today & to have my apartment full of wetland sounds is transformative.

— Allan Jensen (founding member of Vancouver Co-operative Radio), Vancouver, BC

I think, and others who heard it through the day (including of course my cat), thought it was marvellous—and blended in a most interesting way with the spring bird sounds from around our house, since I had the window open much of the time, and we live near the Rideau River. Did you tape the day? A great idea into the future for Earth Day, possibly even from different sources, e.g. a forest meadow, or mountain valley.

— Susan McMaster (poet), Ottawa

It was so beautiful. I had it on for 24 hours and yesterday I did again!  If I didn’t have to go out I’d have it on right now … What an immense and lovely project.

— Deborah Gibson, Vancouver, BC

I can’t tweet but I am in the wetlands via my radio! Your little wetland is in Oaxaca at this moment.

— Marnie Fleming (curator), Toronto, ON/Oaxaca, Mexico

For most of the day, at home and in my car, I have been enjoying the birds, etc. from Saturna on Co-op Radio. … What a treat. They should do this more often. And amazing that they refer to Bruce as now having his wilderness dream come true. Oh yes, this takes me back. I’ve been recommending it to many. At the farmers market this morning, I told a young woman, who provides me with wonderful almond milk, that I used to be associated with Murray and the Soundscape group. Now I’m a grey hair!

— Joan Henderson, Vancouver, BC

As a hardcore greenie, I immediately knew what the cacaphony I came home to in place of my weekly reggae show was all about, and I have to hand it to you and your masterstroke move—one that only VCR [Vancouver Co-op Radio] could conceive, though I have to admit I enjoyed it together with some dub tunes to make it even more enjoyable. …

— Joel Ornoy (business manager), Vancouver, BC

I have met various people who have been totally enthusiastic about the 24-hour wetlands broadcast. Congratulations to what seems to have been a very successful project! …

Your broadcast has certainly highlighted that this kind of “wilderness radio” may now be possible. Have you thought of repeating this next year as a live broadcast? … Thanks for all you did. It is marvellous!

— Hildegard Westerkamp (sound artist/composer/World Soundscape Project member), Vancouver, BC

En voyant/écoutant ce que vous faites avec ce petit marais, j’ai pris la résolution d’aller discuter avec un voisin de notre lac des mesures à prendre pour conserver le marais dont il est propriétaire. Malheureusement il utilise ce très beau lieu pour faire de la motocross l’été parce qu’il est sec!! Bonne suite dans ton projet à multiples facettes.

— Marie-Jeanne Musiol (artiste), Gatineau, QC

This is really a great project! Congratulations Brady and Mark. 

Let this go Viral, Google that! Let the wetlands invade all those crummy caffeine-driven radio stations. Then invade TV and do so without images … who needs them now! Transmit those sounds to the furthest reaches of the Galaxy so that whoever is out there waiting may know that there is intelligent life on this fucked up beautiful planet. 

Strong work Brady! Good for you Mark!

— Chris Welsby (filmmaker/artist), Gabriola Island, BC

Just wanted to say that I love all of the things that are going on with this project.

— Jer Thorpe (artist/writer/professor at New York University’s ITP program/co-founder of The Office for Creative Research/National Geographic Fellow), New York, NY

I so loved the Wetland Project and I listened to it all day and parts of the night. The frogs were my favourite! They went crazy at one point. It was intense!

— Char Hoyt (artist), Vancouver, BC

The Saturna Island Wetland Project was such a wonderful project to listen to this past April. We had it on all day long for a couple of days and began to sense the passing of the day through what we heard. It was a delicious experience.

— Nur Intan Murtadza (musician)/Yves Candau (dance artist), Burnaby, BC

It’s like being there with you!! … Thank you so much.

— Berdhanya Swami Tierra (spiritual teacher), Wakefield, QC

J’écoute les petits oiseaux et le vent dans les branches. Tout à l’heure un hydravion est passé. … Merci pour ce cadeau exceptionnel.

— Marie-Andrée Charlebois (rédactrice), Gatineau, QC

Congratulations. This is a brilliant coup.

— Stephen Morris (musicologist), Saturna Island, BC

What a lovely way to start the morning!! Thank you for this reminder on Earth Day!

— Daina Augaitis (Chief Curator/Associate Director, Vancouver Art Gallery), Vancouver, BC

Yes, loving it. Especially interesting with sound of pouring rain in background. I’m in Portland. Now that I’m listening I don’t feel like I can leave the house :) I’m supposed to drive home midday but realize I won’t be able to keep listening. I’m in a dilemma :)

— Loren Smith, Bend, OR

At 5:30 am I heard the American Robin on Co-op, singing bravely between country and some other music station! As Representative of Redwing Blackbirds Everywhere …

— Jillian Tebbitt (cultural worker), Victoria, BC

I’m listening, but I don’t tweet!  It’s wonderful! Amazing how many planes fly over this little island, isn’t it.  Civilization. … sigh … Thanks for this!

— Patti Fraba, Saturna Island, BC

Thank you … it’s wonderful!  And my cats kept looking around for all the birdies!

— Joan Hoskinson (financial planner), Thunder Bay, ON

I am thoroughly enjoying your recorded wetland sounds.  So delightful!  Thank you for doing this.

— Robyn Quaintance, Vancouver, BC

The best Earth Day programming I’ve ever heard! I learned a lot and found it calming, exquisite and enjoyable. I’m wondering if you have a CD that I can purchase so I can have these sounds accessible to me again. [transcription of a telephone message]

— Valerie, Vancouver, BC

I am so enjoying a morning of listening …

— Sharon Schermbrucker, (soprano in Elektra Women’s Choir/director of Saturna Island community choir), Vancouver/Saturna Island, BC

I have been listening and it’s great background music. I meditated to it this morning. Very “virtual.” It was like living my life but not actually being there. … Great event.

— Nancy Angermeyer (photographer), Saturna Island, BC

J’ai écouté presque toute la journée ... calmant et fascinant d’entendre tant d’activité même le soir!!! Félicitations pour ce joyeau!

— Yolande Morin (photographe), Vancouver, BC

Listening right now and at various times throughout the day. Sounds really magical. … Now on the car radio. Wetland in motion!

— Hank Bull (artist), Vancouver, BC

It was a great experience to tune into the project at home, in the car (unfortunately I was driving on Earth Day) and have the wetland project follow me through the day. Wonderful! And I liked Brady’s comments/insights/voice throughout too. We want it to continue all year round! Congratulations.

— Melanie O’Brian (Director/Curator, Simon Fraser University Galleries), Vancouver, BC

J’ai écouté les gazouillis, grenouillis et autres voix des marais le 22, presque tout le temps.

— Emmeline Debay (artist), Gatineau, QC

BRAVO! pour le Wetland Project. Quel travail extraordinaire!

— Marie Pérusse, Quebec, QC

Congrats on your Earth Day project! I listened to the marsh sounds as I was reading one evening.

— Joni Low (curator), Vancouver, BC

I listened to your beautiful recording on Earth Day. The quality of sound is really excellent. Congratulations on this special project.

— Karen Henry (Public Art Planner, City of Vancouver), Vancouver, BC

I tuned in that morning, and heard the broadcast and quite enjoyed it.  Good work!  What a great project, and at a time when paying attention to the environment is more important than ever.

— Cindy Richmond (editor), Vancouver, BC

Thanks for sending the link! I can’t wait to hear more. Love that you will be broadcasting a full day cycle of sound!

— Véronique Noelle (singer/songwriter), Vancouver, BC

What a timely and beautiful project. If there is something like it to be done on Gabriola, count me in!

— Andreas Kahre (artist/designer), Gabriola Island, BC

I’m just listening to wetlandproject now. Beautiful, and will take with me to play when I travel.

— Geoffrey Farmer (artist), Vancouver, BC

this is GREAT!!

— Nancy von Euw (performance coach/actor), Burnaby, BC

Wonderful honouring of Earth Day and a joy to listen to!

— Nancy Gerber, Saturna Island, BC

I LOVED this broadcast!!! When can we hear it again? THANK YOU! I listened to many many hours of it. Sign me up to help with future projects if I can contribute anything!

— Marion P. Cox, Maple Ridge, BC

I put on the @wetlandproject livestream (of the sounds of a marsh) & the cat came running to the window looking for the birds she can hear.

— Aven, Sudbury, ON

Loved the Wetland Project link—I will be playing it quietly (and surreptitiously) in my office a lot.

— Karen Hasselfelt (Cultural Planner, City of Vancouver), Vancouver, BC

Are you listening? Yep!

— Sandra Koochin (retired teacher), Saturna Island, BC